The aim of sickness insurance benefits is to provide financial support when a citizen loses his or her earnings temporarily due to illness or maternity leave.
Participation in sickness insurance by employee is mandatory under the law. Participation in sickness insurance by self-employed persons is voluntarily.
Under sickness insurance no differentiation is made in terms of whether an employee is a citizen of the Czech Republic or of some other country. It is not only persons working in the Czech Republic for employers based in the Czech Republic who may participate in sickness insurance; employees who work for employers not based in the Czech Republic are also insured in the Czech Republic, provided such employers are based in an EU Member State or in a country with which the Czech Republic has concluded an international social security agreement.
Sickness insurance for employees is regulated by Act No. 187/2006 Coll.,on sickness insurance