Orphan’s pension is granted only to a dependent child in the case of death of his/her parent (event. adoptive parent) or of a person who substituted parental care and supported a child at the time of the parent’s death because of impossibility of performance for substantial reasons. At the same time the deceased must be a beneficiary of an old-age, disability pension on the date of his/her death or must fulfil the condition of the insurance period for a disability pension or for an old-age pension on the date of his/her death or he/she died due to a work accident.
From 1 January 2012, all that is required for eligibility for an orphan’s pension is that, on the day of death, the deceased had acquired at least half the insured period necessary for eligibility for invalidity pension.
From 1 February 2018 the condition of the insurance period for a disability pension is also fulfilled if the deceased had acquired, on the day of death, at least one year of insurance (if the deceased was older than 28 this period had to be acquired in the last 10 years before his/her death) or at least two years of insurance in the last 20 years before his/her death if the deceased was older than 38.
Subject to fulfilment of the above-mentioned conditions an orphan who lost both parents is entitled to an orphan’s pension after each of his/her parents or to the person substituting parental care and supporting a child at the time of the parents’ death because of impossibility of performance for substantial reasons.
From 1 January 2012 an orphan’s pension is awarded after the death of a person who has taken a child into his/her care only if the child was taken by the deceased, before the death of the deceased, into care substituting parental care (based on a court decision on the placing of a child in care or in the joint care of a married couple).
For the purposes of entitlement to an orphan’s pension, “a dependent child” is a child before completion of his/her compulsory school attendance or after the completion up to the age of 26 if the child