Widow’s and Widower’s Pension

Widow’s and Widower’s Pension

Widow’s pension is granted in the case of a husband’s death.
Widower’s pension is granted in the case of a wife’s death.

A widow (widower) is entitled to a widow’s (widower’s) pension if her husband (his wife) received a pension or fulfilled the insurance period condition required for an entitlement to disability or old-age pension on the date of his (her) death or if her husband (his wife) died due to a work accident.

The conditions for the eligibility for a widow’s or widower’s pension one year after the death of a spouse are as follows:

  • caring for a dependent child,
  • caring for a child who is dependent on another person’s care with grade II (medium dependency), grade III (heavy dependency) or grade IV (full dependency) dependency,
  • caring for the individual’s own parent or the parent of the deceased spouse who lives in the same household and is dependent on another person’s care with grade II (medium dependency), grade III (heavy dependency) or grade IV (full dependency) dependency
  • grade 3 disability 
  • reaching an age of at least 4 years below the retirement age for a man of the same date of birth determined in accordance with section 32 of Pension Insurance Act no. 155/95 Coll. or reaching the retirement age, if the retirement age is lower.

From 1 January 2012, the period in which the entitlement to a pension arises again when these conditions are met is reduced from 5 years to 2 years from the previous expiration of the entitlement to a widow’s or widower’s pension.

If entitlement to a widow’s or widower’s pension arises prior to 1 January 2012, the 5-year period applies to the new entitlement to such pension; the deciding factor is not when the entitlement to a widow’s or widower’s pension expired, i.e., whether it terminated prior to 1 January 2012 or later. If, however, entitlement to a widow’s or widower’s pension arises again after 31 December 2011 (within the 5-year period) and this entitlement again expires, the 2-year period applies to the new entitlement to a widow’s or widower’s pension.

Latest modifications 1. 1. 2018